Manu Goel, Rajshree Jadhav, Chandrashekhar Bande, Ajit Joshi
Year:2019 | Month:September | Volume:6 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-3
The aim of this study was to report in literature a rare pattern of supernumerary teeth for the enhancement of data. Supernumerary tooth is also called as hyperdontia. It may cause a delayed eruption, malalignment of erupted teeth, etc. A 37-year-old male patient reported with a chief complaint of pain in the upper left back region of the jaw in the past 2 days. There was an accidental finding of bilaterally impacted supernumerary premolars. On the left side, there was a pair of impacted premolars with one tooth supernumerary and the other was first premolar. There was no history of any systemic disease. The presence of supernumerary teeth which may or may not be impacted can cause discomfort, malalignment of teeth, pathology, etc. Hence, proper history and record should be obtained to rule out any syndrome and systemic disease associated with supernumerary teeth as reported in the literature.
Clinical Significance: A rare pattern of bilaterally impacted premolar with a pair of supernumerary and first premolar in the lower left quadrant with a step-ladder pattern.
Keywords: Impacted, impacted premolar, step-ladder pattern, supernumerary teeth
How to cite the article: Goel M, Jadhav R, Bande C, Joshi A. An unusual step-ladder pattern of impacted supernumerary teeth - A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Received: 05 November 2019;
Accepted: 11 December 2019
Bipin Y. Muley, Prachi Shambharkar
Year:2019 | Month:September | Volume:6 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-4
Loss of eye causes severe functional disability due to vision impairment. Mental stress associated with the vision loss and the societal reaction to the facial disfigurement further increases the sufferings of the patients. The prosthetic rehabilitation of the ocular defects consists of a stock eye prosthesis or custom-made prosthesis. The iris disc of the custom-made ocular prosthesis can be fabricated by various techniques. This article describes the use of a stock eye shell iris in the fabrication of the custom-made ocular prosthesis to simplify the procedure of iris characterization.
Keywords: Custom-made ocular prosthesis, ocular defect, stock eye
How to cite the article: Muley BY, Shambharkar P. Use of an iris disc from stock eye in the fabrication of a custom-made ocular prosthesis - A clinical report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 04 November 2019;
Accepted: 10 December 2019
Remilekun T. Oluwakuyide, Afolake S. Salami, H. Alawode, S. O. Keshinro
The aim of this study was to report an unusual presentation of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) on the dorsum of tongue and to add to the body of knowledge on the various sites of occurrence of the lesion. MEC is a malignant, locally invasive tumor of salivary glands composed of varying proportions of mucussecreting and squamous cells, with the presence of intermediate cell differentiation between these other two cell types. More than half of reported cases involve major salivary glands and it is seen rarely on the dorsum of tongue. We present an unusual case of a low-grade MEC on the dorsum of tongue of a 40-year-old man. Discussion on clinical and microscopic types and immunohistochemical features of this tumor is presented in relation to pertinent literature. Biologic behavior and clinical manifestations of MEC usually correlate with its histological grade, which are required for appropriate treatment.
Keywords: Histological grade, minor salivary gland, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, tongue tumor
How to cite the article: Oluwakuyide RT, Salami AS, Alawode H, Keshinro SO. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma on dorsum of tongue: An unusual presentation in Nigerian patient. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.\
Received: 02 November 2019;
Accepted: 11 December 2019
Sourav Chandra, Sheela Kumar Gujjari, Archana R. Sankar
Submucous fibrosis of the oral cavity will not regress on its own. Fibrotic band release by surgery is necessary to enable mouth opening. Once trismus has established that the role of medical treatment is limited. Over the years, different methods have been tried with varying rates of success to relieve trismus, of which lasers with biostimulation have gained importance. It is a non-invasive, painless, less time consuming, and an alternative to laser-assisted fiberotomy. Hence, the aim is to present the innovative opportunities of biostimulation using diode laser in managing oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and to present new challenging indications of this technology for daily practice. A male patient reported with a complaint of burning mouth along with restricted mouth opening and weight loss for 2 years. There were palpable fibrous bands in the upper and lower labial and buccal mucosa. The patient was scheduled for laser-assisted photobiostimulation and was recalled at the 3rd, 5th, 7th, 14th, 21st, and 30th days. After 1 month, there was a significant improvement in mouth opening. The patient resumed his normal chewing habits and reported no burning sensation. Thus, the study has proved that biostimulation with diode lasers can form an integral part in treating OSMF. In the modern era, the advent of lasers in the field of dentistry has led to enormous improvements in clinical conditions, leading to faster healing, minimal scarring, and also improving patient comfort.
Keywords: Fibrotic bands, laser biostimulation, oral submucous fibrosis, trismus
How to cite the article: Chandra S, Gujjari SK, Sankar AR. Biostimulation with diode lasers: A novel futuristic approach in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis - A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 05 November 2019;
Accepted: 15 December 2019
Kiran Shivaraj, Shruti Kishor Shettigar
About 5-10% of the cases of hypertension are caused due to a reversible secondary cause, especially in the younger population. A rare cause of secondary hypertension called page kidney, which is the external pressure on the kidneys causing the activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system mechanism. We present a case of a 56 year old female, with a history of uncontrolled hypertension in spite of being on 4 antihypertensive medications. She presented to the Emergency Room with hypertensive emergency and acute left middle cerebral artery ischemic stroke, for which thrombolysis was done with alteplase, after her BP was controlled. An emergent computed tomography abdomen was done for flank pain showed an acute left perinephric hematoma secondary to angiomyolipoma with possible mass effect on the left kidney, raising the possibility of page kidney. She was managed conservatively with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. She was managed conservatively with angiotensin-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitors and a further workup was done to assess the possibility of secondary hypertension. Page kidney is caused by external compression of the kidney by any cause including retroperitoneal or subcapsular hematoma, tumor, and cyst. This is a unique case, in which the patient most likely was having perinephric bleed secondary to renal angiomyolipoma causing long-standing secondary hypertension but was incidentally detected when the patient developed further bleeding when she was given alteplase for stroke. As per literature, nephrectomy has been advised, but with the advent of ACE inhibitors, patients have been conservatively without any intervention.
Keywords: Page Kidney, perinephric hematoma, secondary hypertension
How to cite the article: Shivaraj K, Shettigar SK. Page kidney - A rare case of secondary hypertension caused by perinephric hematoma. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Received: 10 October 2019;
Accepted: 12 November 2019
Sukhbir Singh Chopra, Adarsh Chauhan, Rajat Mitra
Rubinstein–Taybi syndrome (RTS) is characterized by growth moderate-to-severe intellectual disability, typical face, and particular craniofacial characteristics along with broad thumbs and first toes. The prevalence at birth was estimated to be 1 in 125,000 living newborn infants. The purpose of this case report was to demonstrate the oral and dental manifestations of a 6-year-old girl suffering from RTS.
Keywords: Prognathic maxilla, retrognathic mandible, Rubinstein–Taybi syndrome
How to cite the article: Chopra SS, Chauhan A, Mitra R. Rubinstein–Taybi syndrome: A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Venkatesh Anehosur, Priyanka Acharya, Deepthi Shetty, U. S. Dinesh
Leiomyoma is a circumscribed benign smooth muscle tumor with rare incidence in the head-and-neck region of about 0.065% and occurring most commonly in uterine myometrium, gastrointestinal tract, skin, and lower extremities. The lesion usually presents as an asymptomatic lesion, with slight female predilection with the World Health Organization classified into three subtypes: Solid, angioleiomyoma, and epithelioid types, with angioleiomyoma (74%) outnumbering in terms of occurrence in oral cavity. We have described a rare occurrence of solid variant of leiomyoma in hard palate along with clinical presentation, investigation, and reconstruction of defect using buccal pad of fat with a brief review of literature. Leiomyoma accounts for less than 0.5% of all benign smooth muscle tumors occurring in oral cavity. It presents as a relatively asymptomatic lesion, with confirmed diagnosis being only through histopathological and immunohistochemistry. Surgical excision of the lesion with sound safety margins remains as the treatment of choice with almost nil recurrence rate. Leiomyoma is a benign rare occurrence in oral cavity with minimal documentation of solid variant in hard palate of less than 9% and thereby diagnosis and management including reconstruction of secondary defect is of utmost importance.
Keywords: Palate, smooth muscle, solid leiomyoma
How to cite the article: Anehosur V, Acharya P, Shetty D, Dinesh US. Solid variant of leiomyoma in the hard palate: A rare case report and review of literature. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1.4.
Received: 16 August 2019;
Accepted: 18 September 2019
Afolake S. Salami, Abdulwarith O. Akinshipo, Remilekun T. Oluwakuyide, Bukola F. Adeyemi, Adeola A. Olusanya
This study aims to report seven cases of congenital granular cell epulis (CGCE) diagnosed in four teaching hospitals in Southwestern Nigeria over a period of 8 years. CGCE is a rare lesion that presents exclusively at birth. It is benign, but often presents an unsightly appearance, and may be associated with difficulty in feeding, thus early presentation of cases for treatment. The records of the oral and maxillofacial pathology departments of four Nigerian teaching hospitals were assessed for lesions with histological diagnosis of CGCE. Data inclusive of age, gender, anatomic site, and mode of treatment was retrieved and analyzed with SPSS version 21. Seven cases were identified from the four teaching hospitals. All cases occurred in females with an average period of presentation at 7 days after birth. Most of the cases (71.4%) occurred on the maxillary alveolar ridge. Six cases presented as a single pedunculated or sessile lesion, while in one case, three nodules were seen. Although spontaneous regression has been documented in literature, all our cases had surgical excision under local anesthesia without complications or recurrence. All our cases were diagnosed in females and 71.4% were on the maxillary alveolar ridge.
Keywords: Congenital epulis, granular, Nigeria
How to cite the article: Salami AS, Akinshipo AO, Oluwakuyide RT, Adeyemi BF, Olusanya AA. Congenital granular cell epulis: Pattern of presentation in four Nigerian tertiary hospitals. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 12 August 2019;
Accepted: 14 September 2019
Manu Bhaskaran Nair, Pratibha Shashikumar
Periodontal surgical procedures could present challenges to the body’s clotting mechanism. One such challenge is the uncontrolled hemorrhage that can lead to a life-threatening complication. Hemorrhage can be classified into primary, intermediate, and secondary hemorrhage. Significant post-operative bleeding is not very common as it is generally self-limiting due to the primary closure of the soft tissues following periodontal surgical procedures. This is a case of a 20-year-old systemically healthy male patient who reported with an unusual condition of the formation of a “liver clot” also known as “currant jelly clot” after 6 days following a semilunar coronally repositioned flap for root coverage.
Keywords: Currant jelly clot, hemorrhage, hemostasis, liver clot, periodontal plastic surgery
How to cite this article: Nair MB, Shashikumar P. Formation of “liver clot” following periodontal plastic surgery - A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 13 August 2019;
Accepted: 14 September 2019
Bipin Muley, Jitendra Bhandari, Vivek Pandey, Prachi Shambharkar
Amelogenesis imperfect (AI) is a complex group of inherited conditions affecting the enamel in both primary and permanent dentitions causing psychological trauma from unaesthetic, worn teeth. A sequenced treatment is described for a young adult with AI with metal-ceramic restorations. The case describes a patient with AI having hypersensitivity, severely worn, and unaesthetic dentition. Authors treated the patient with full-mouth metal-ceramic restorations after achieving a functional and esthetic occlusal plane using Broderick occlusal plane analyzer. A systematic treatment approach for the patient is described to achieve a long-term clinical success in the case of AI. The systematic treatment of AI as a full-mouth rehabilitation with endodontic therapy after establishing a proper occlusal plane provides long-term prognosis for the patient.
Keywords: Amelogenesis imperfect, enamel hypoplasia, full-mouth rehabilitation, hypersensitivity
How to cite the article: Muley B, Bhandari J, Pandey V, Shambharkar P. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of amelogenesis imperfecta in a young adult. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 21 July 2019;
Accepted: 25 August 2019
Venkatesh Anehosur, Kaustubh Kulkarni, Keerthana Krishnamurthy, Anusha Janardhan
Congenital upper/maxillary double lip is a rare developmental anomaly. It is present since birth; however, it becomes manifest after the eruption of teeth. It is prominently visible on talking/speech, while smiling or when asked to show teeth. It may be associated with speech and mastication difficulties; however, the most common presenting cause is unseemly appearance and the possible embarrassment in public. Surgical excision of the excess offending tissue gives excellent results improving the appearance esthetically and giving a boost to the individual confidence levels.
Keywords: Ascher syndrome, congenital anomaly, double lip
How to cite the article: Anehosur V, Kulkarni K, Krishnamurthy K, Janardhan A. Congenital maxillary double lip: A case report and review of literature. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Received: 17 June 2019;
Accepted: 28 July 2019
Pheiroijam Herojit Singh
Early loss of deciduous molars results in deficiency of space for erupting permanent successors, leading to crowding and malocclusion. Hence, the need arises for maintaining the space previously occupied by the primary teeth to preserve the integrity of the dental arch length. Space maintainers are used to maintain such space. Band and loop space maintainer is the most commonly used space maintainer for early loss of a single primary molar, but it offers a lot of disadvantages to both the dentists and the patients. Hence, the “H-Appliance” is designed to solve the disadvantages of a conventional band and loop space maintainer. In this case report, a patient of an 8-year-old child who had a severely broken down upper right primary first molar was extracted, and the H-Appliance was delivered to maintain the space. The H-Appliance is a “bracket and hook” space maintainer. It is not only simple, easy, and comfortable to wear but also requires few instruments, can be fabricated within minutes, and does not require welding or soldering.
Keywords: Bracket and hook, deciduous teeth, primary molar, welding
How to cite the article: Singh PH. Simplify your space maintenance with the new H-appliance: A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Received: 11 June 2019;
Accepted: 15 July 2019
Matthew Carey, Jana Havranova, Thong Le
Year:2019 | Month:September | Volume:6 | Number:1 | Pages No:1-2
Recognize syphilis as a re-emerging disease, especially in the presence of HIV. Syphilis, caused by the sexually transmitted spirochete Treponema pallidum, often occurs as coinfection in HIV-infected patients, and its prevalence has increased in the United States. We report a case of oral gummata presenting as a dental abscess in an HIV-infected 25-year-old MSM with no prior history of syphilis. The patient’s rapid plasma reagin was positive at 1:512 dilution with positive confirmatory fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test. Surgical exploration of the suspected abscess identified a 5-cm ulcerated mass eroding into the right maxillary sinus. Tissue gram stain and culture of the mass revealed only mixed oral flora. Pathology revealed acute and chronic inflammatory granulation tissue, and the Warthin-Starry stain identified rare microorganisms, suspicious for spirochetes. Our patient was treated for tertiary syphilis with intramuscular benzathine penicillin G injections weekly for 3 doses. At 1-month follow up, the patient was symptom-free.
Keywords: Gumma, HIV infection, spirochetes, tertiary syphilis
How to cite the article: Carey M, Havranova J, Le T. Dental abscess as an initial presentation of tertiary syphilis: A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-2.
Received: 01 May 2019;
Accepted: 09 June 2019
Ketaki Gudadhe, Gagandeep Lamba, Devendra Nagpal, Purva Chaudhari
Year:2019 | Month:September | Volume:6 | Number:1 | Pages No:4
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is an often neglected neurodevelopment disorders. The provision of dental care for affected children can be challenging because they are often unsettled in the dental environment. The dentist must frequently make adjustments in clinical practice and use behavior management strategies according to the special needs of the patients with this disorder. This case report aims to report the dental care of a 7-year-old child with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and to discuss the dental management therapies that were utilized for the patient.
Keywords: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, dental operatory, special health care needs
How to cite the article: Gudadhe K, Lamba G, Nagpal D, Chaudhari P. Diagnosis and management of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder patient in dental operatory. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 01 April 2019;
Accepted: 09 May 2019
Geeta Singh, Praveen Singh, Vanlalrenga Khawlhring, Sneha Gupta
Year:2019 | Month:September | Volume:6 | Number:1 | Pages No:3
A non-tender, bluish in color, soft in consistency, submucosal swelling seen over the floor of the mouth may be due to varied reasons. It may be caused by neoplasm of salivary gland, inflammation or obstruction of the salivary gland or cyst, etc. Here, we report a case of a young female patient with painless, bluish swelling over the floor of the mouth with extension into the submental region with swelling seen extraorally. Clinically, it may be suspected as a plunging ranula or thyroglossal cyst on inspection. However, investigations report has confirmed the diagnosis as a case of hemangioma of floor of the mouth. The lesion was conservatively managed with sclerosing agent and good result was achieved.
Keywords: Hemangioma, intralesional injection, sclerosing agent
How to cite the article: Singh G, Singh P, Khawlhring V, Gupta S. Hemangioma of the floor of mouth extending to the submental region: A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Received: 01 April 2019;
Accepted: 09 May 2019
Ramya Rai, Shreya Dasgupta, Prashant Babaji, K. K. Shashibhushan
A female patient presented with an unusual location of pyogenic granuloma on the ventral surface of the tongue. These lesions are seen mostly between ages ranging from 11 to 40 years and occur frequently on gingiva but less frequently on the tongue. Identification of the primary etiological factors and its removal followed by excisional biopsy with definitive histopathological diagnosis was done. Follow-up of the patient showed no recurrence.
Keywords: Capillary, hemangioma, lobular, tongue
How to cite the article: Rai R, Dasgupta S, Babaji P, Shashibhushan KK. “Lobular capillary hemangioma in a rare location” - A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Received: 05 March 2019;
Accepted: 10 April 2019
Raj Merchant, Imran Khalid, Vani Mehrotra
Panoramic radiographs of male patient revealed the presence of bilateral impacted fourth molars in mandibular region. The supernumerary teeth were distomolars and had normal tooth morphology with regard to their crowns and roots but were slightly smaller than the existing third molars. Their crowns were three tuberculate and they all had single roots. Supernumerary teeth are often located in the anterior maxilla, mandible, and to a lesser frequency posterior of the maxillary and mandibular region. They are classified as distomolar when they are located in posterior to their location. Their presence may or may not give rise to a variety of clinical problems. Detection of supernumerary teeth is usually achieved by clinical and radiographic examination. Their management should form part of a comprehensive treatment plan. A fourth molar tooth is a very rare entity in modern humans although prevalent in early humans. This article presents a case report in a non-syndromic patient with bilateral impacted mandibular distomolar; aberrations associated with supernumerary teeth and also a note on their incidence and prevalence.
Keywords: Bilateral fourth molar, distomolar, mandibular wisdom teeth, supernumerary teeth
How to cite the article: Merchant R, Khalid I, Mehrotra V. Bilaterally impacted mandibular fourth molar - A rare case report and review of literature. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3.
Received: 15 February 2019;
Accepted: 30 March 2019
Reza Sayyad Soufdoost, Ali Jamali Ghomi, Atefeh Gohari
Taurodontism is an unusual developmental anomaly that most often affects the permanent molars. It is characterized by an elongated pulp chamber, bifurcation near the apex, and no constriction at the level of cementoenamel junction. Endodontic treatment of a taurodont tooth is complicated and requires special consideration because it is hard to find the orifices, preparation, and obturation of root canals. In this case report, mandibular right first molar (tooth#30) of a 10-year-old boy patient was diagnosed hypertaurodont and endodontically treated with an open apex by placement of mineral trioxide aggregate as an apical plug to seal the end of distal root.
Keywords: Endodontics, mineral trioxide aggregate, open apex, taurodontism
How to cite the article: Soufdoost SR, Ghomi JA, Gohari A. Endodontic management of taurodontism with an open apex in mandibular first molar: A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 02 February 2019;
Accepted: 06 March 2019
Pratham Pai, V. M. Nitin, N. Raghunath, Paridhi Gupta
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has become a mainstream surgical technique for patients with jaw deformities. This case report describes the surgical orthodontic treatment of maxillary hypoplasia in two patients of 14-19 years with cleft lip and palate. They were treated with anterior maxillary DO using rigid intraoral distractor device. Distraction was started after the initial latency period with activation of 0.8 mm/day until positive overjet was gained. Cephalometric analysis was performed twice for evaluation: Before surgery (Pre-Rx) and after distraction (Post-Rx). Both the distractions completed smoothly and maxilla was distracted efficiently. Maxillary prominence increased in both the patients with a positive overjet after distraction. DO provided an effective way to correct maxillary hypoplasia secondary to cleft lip and palate.
Keywords: Cleft lip and palate, distraction osteogenesis, maxillary deficiency
How to cite the article: Pai P, Nitin VM, Raghunath N, Gupta P. Anterior maxillary distraction osteogenesis for cleft lip and palate patients - A case series. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4.
Received: 04 February 2019;
Accepted: 01 March 2019
Pranav D. Ingole, Ramakrishna S. Shenoi, Mohd Athar Iqbal, Kshitij O. Bang
This case report aims to present the management of fractured tip of Gracey’s curette from the maxillary sinus. The broken tip of Gracey’s curette was intruded in the maxillary sinus during periodontal treatment of maxillary left first molar. It was then retrieved successfully with the Caldwell-Luc procedure. The close anatomic relation between maxillary molars, maxillary sinus, and infratemporal fossa calls for a meticulous clinical and radiological examination before any treatment to prevent inadvertent injuries.
Keywords: Caldwell-Luc, Gracey’s curette, inadvertent injuries, infratemporal fossa, maxillary sinus
How to cite the article: Ingole PD, Shenoi RS, Iqbal MA, Bang KO. Retrieval of fractured Gracey’s curette from maxillary sinus - A rare case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-3
Received: 01 January 2019;
Accepted: 01 February 2019
Muhammad Mumtaz, Farhat Kazmi, Almuhanad Abdullah Alsuwaiket, Majed AlGhamdi
Tooth impaction is a pathological situation where a tooth is unable to achieve its normal functional position within the expected time span. Third molars are most frequently impacted teeth. Worldwide surgical/nonsurgical removal of the third molar is the most common procedure performed by oral surgeons and dental surgeons. The removal may be associated with intra- or post-operative complications. We present a case of impacted maxillary third molar which accidentally displaced into left maxillary sinus during its removal in a 27-year-old female who reported to our department with the complaint of pain and swelling of the left side of the face. The patient was admitted and the tooth was removed from maxillary sinus through Caldwell-Luc approach.
Keywords: Caldwell-Luc approach, impaction, maxillary sinus, maxillary third molar
How to cite the article: Mumtaz M, Kazmi F, Alsuwaiket AA, AlGhamdi M. Displacement of impacted third molar into maxillary sinus and its removal through Caldwell-Luc approach - A case report. Int J Med Dent Case Rep 2019;6:1-4
Received: 12 January 2019;
Accepted: 18 February 2019
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